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Suppose you are reading a book. Suppose you suddenly close your eyes, can you still see the book? "Of course not." you will say. But can you tell why? You would p1.say, "When I close my eyes, my eyesight cannot get out of my eyes to get to the book." Many others might give an explanation(解释) very much like the above. But this explanation is w2. .

You cannot see any object if light from that object doesn’t get i3.your eyes. Some of the things you see give off light of their own.

The sun, the star, a lighted lamp are examples that can be seen by their own light. Such things are luminous(发光的). Most of the things you see are not g4.off light of their own. They are simply reflecting(反射) light that falls on them from the sun or some other luminous bodies. The moon, for example, doesn't give off any light of i5. own. It's non-luminous. You see it because sunlight falls on it and some of it reflects in your direction. So moonlight is only second-hand sunlight.

When you look at a book, it sends to your eyes some of the light which falls on it, and you see the book. If light could be kept out from w6.you are, so that there would be no light for the book to reflect, then you could not see the book e 7.with your eyes wide open.

Light travels so fast that the time it t8.from the book to your eyes is so short as if there was none at all. Light r 9.us from the moon, which is about 380,000 kilometers away, in only a little more than a s10..



Teamwork is just as important in science as it is on the playing field or in the gym. Scientific investigations (调查) are almost always carried out by teams of people working together. Ideas are shared, experiments are designed, data are analyzed, and results are evaluated and shared with other investigators. Group work is necessary, and is usually more productive than working alone.

Several times throughout the year you may be asked to work with one or more of your classmates. Whatever the task your group is assigned, a few rules need to be followed to ensure a productive and successful experience.

What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution. Secondly, it makes a job easier to divide the group task among all group members. Choose a role on the team that is best suited to your particular strengths. Thirdly, always work together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual (相互的)support and trust often makes a great difference.

Activities like investigations are most effective when done by small groups. Here are some more suggestions for effective team performance during these activities: Make sure each group member understands and agrees to the task given to him or her, and everyone knows exactly when , why and what to do; take turns doing various tasks during similar and repeated activities; be aware of where other group members are and what they are doing so as to ensure safety; be responsible for your own learning, though it is by no means unwise to compare your observations with those of other group members.

When there is research to be done, divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way. You are encouraged to keep records of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly. A format for exchanging information (e.g., photocopies of notes , oral discussion, etc.) is also important, for a well-chosen method not only strengthens what you present but also makes yourself easily understood. When the time comes to make a decision and take a position on an issue, allow for the contributions of each member of the group. Most important of all, it is always wise to make decisions by compromise and agreement.

? After you’ve completed a task with your team, make an evaluation of the team’s effectiveness — the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges.


Working Together


Effective performance needs highly cooperated 1.1..

General rules

Keep an open mind to everyone’s2.2..

Divide the group task among group members.

3.3. and trust each other.


● Understand and agree to the 5.5. task of one’s own.

● Take turns doing various tasks.

● Show concern for others to ensure safety.

● Take6.6. for one’s own learning.

● Compare your own observations with those of others.

Explore an issue 

● Break the7.7. into several areas.

● 8.8.the sources just in case.

● 9.9. your information with others via proper format.

● Make all decisions by compromise and agreement.

10.10. effectiveness

● Analyze the strengths and weaknesses.

● Find out the opportunities and challenges





Do you think telling lies, whether a little or a lot, isn’t that big of a deal? Well, that depends on the situation. If someone asks, “Does this dress make me look fat?” we might all lie somewhat. We might say, “Of course not. You look great.” Lying to spare someone’s feelings is one thing. Lying to destroy someone’s character or fame is another.

“What’s really terrible is that you can’t undo a big lie,” says a minister we’ll call Morgan. “I promise if you go house to house to say, ‘I feel terrible I wrongly accused my neighbor of stealing,’ the lie will spread like a fire fueled by gasoline. You can’t call back a lie very easily.”

Morgan goes on to say that lies have hurt people more than guns.

“We have a grandfather in our church whose former son-in-law told people the man treated his own children cruelly,” Morgan says. “To this day, we don’t know whether it is true or not. I would tend to doubt it, but I can’t take a chance, especially if he is working with young people in our church.”

Disarming someone who lies is tough. It’s like disarming someone who’s prepared to fire. That’s why our society is full of people who are forced to cover up the lies of other people.

“I worked with a man who was stealing money from our employer,” says a man we’ll call Fred. “He was so good at lying and doctoring the books (做假账) that it would have taken an FBI agent to stop him. I worried, ‘If I turned him in, and he got out of the trouble, my career at our company would come to an end.’”

Fred says he came up with a plan to drop hints (暗示) to the company owner. “I found printed materials on monitoring possibly dishonest employees. I started mailing them to the company owner without leaving my name. Then one day, over lunch, I told my boss he should have the books checked carefully. He got the hint.”

Fred told us that when the books were checked, the dishonest co-worker tried to blame him for the errors. However, Fred told the company owner he had been dropping hints for some time. The boss got the picture. Fred kept his job. The dishonest guy was fired.

Figuring out how to make a liar public takes work. It can be done, but you might have to move at the pace of a turtle. The slower you move, the more control you will have. You have to give others time to take in the truth.

1.The underlined phrase “spare someone’s feelings” in Paragraph 1 can be replaced by ??????? .

A. destroy someone’s feelings??? B. avoid hurting someone

C. put someone in a bad mood??? D. express someone’s ideas

2.Which of the following can be used to conclude Paragraph 2?

A. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.??? B. Every man has his faults.

C. There is no smoke without fire.??? D. Pride goes before a fall.

3.How does the author develop this passage?

A. By listing numbers.??? B. By making comparisons.

C. By giving examples.??? D. By following order of time.

4.What can we know from the passage?

A. It was true that the grandfather treated his own children cruelly.

B. It is not difficult to persuade a dishonest man into telling the truth.

C. Fred’s boss believed the dishonest employee’s words and fired Fred.

D. To make a liar public, we should figure out effective ways in advance.



several years ago a young priest(牧师) moved to London. He often took the bus from his home to the downtown area. One day, he went home by bus as usual. When he sat down, he discovered that the driver had given him twenty pence too much change(零钱).As he________what to do, he thought to himself, "You'd better give the twenty pence back. It would be ____? to keep it." Then he thought, "Oh forget it, it's only twenty pence. Who would worry about this little ____ ? Anyway, the bus company already gets too much money; they will never miss it.______ it as a gift from God, and keep quiet."

When his stop came, the priest stopped at the door for a moment, then he handed the twenty pence back to the driver and said, "Here, you gave me too much change." he driver with a smile replied, "Aren't you the new priest in this area? I'm thinking about going to your______. I just wanted to see what you would do if I gave you too much change."

When the young priest got ______the bus. his knees() became weak and soft. He had to hold the nearest tree for______, and looked up to the sky and said loudly, "Oh, God. I almost _______myself for twenty pence!"

We may never see what influence our ______have on people... What we need to provide is an example for others to see. Be careful of how you behave, and be _____ always: you never know who is watching your actions.

1.A. considered??? B. knew??? C. learned??? D. understood

2.A. right??? B. useful??? C. useless??? D. wrong

3.A. time??? B. amount??? C. value??? D. treasure

4.A. Buy??? B. Get??? C. Accept??? D. Find

5.A. church??? B. home??? C. school??? D. company

6.A. on??? B. up??? C. off??? D. through

7.A. shelte??? B. support??? C. strength??? D. struggle

8.A. paid??? B. blamed??? C. devoted??? D. sold

9.A. thoughts??? B. suggestions??? C. actions??? D. words

10.A. brave??? B. polite??? C. generous??? D. honest



—Dad, my kite is finished! Doing a DIY job is really fun.

???? ! Just wait for a windy day and see how high it can fly.

A. Never mind??? B. My pleasure

C. Well done??? D. No problem



Alice could see her grandmother doing some cooking????? the kitchen’s glass door.

A. across??? B. through??? C. over??? D. against



???? , Chinese mobile phones, like Huawei, have improved greatly.

—I agree. That’s why made-in-China products are more and more popular now.

A. In general??? B. In all

C. In the end??? D. In the beginning



The Summer Palace __________ a hill and a man-made lake.

A. main consist of??? B. consists mainly? of??? C. is mainly consists of??? D. is consists mainly of



Korea lies ______ Asia, It’s __________ the northeast of China and __________ the west of Japan.

A. In, to, on??? B. in,on,to??? C. on,in, to??? D. to ,on,in



---Do you find __________ tiring to climb the Great Wall yesterday?

--- Yes, __________ was too hard to climb it

A. it ,that??? B. that, it??? C. it, it??? D. /,that


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